Español III el 12 de noviembre



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Realidades 2 Capítulo 2B

Español III

El 12 DE

NOVIEMBRE 2014
... patriótico, sol de la libertad de cataluña servilleta de papel... patriótico, sol de la libertad de cataluña servilleta de papel... patriótico, sol de la libertad de cataluña servilleta de papel
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Remember....

THE MINI- LEZIONI required in the home journal every night

Grammar and vocabular

META El Pretérito- all cases

IR de Compras en España

Language for shopping........EN ESPAÑOL

1. Una Lección del Pretérito

En parejas, los estudiantes van a enseñar el PRETÉRITO

Comenzamos con Los Regulares



Casos Irregulares 1-8 en Pretérito

No libros usados las notas solamente.....

Con presentaciones a la clase

Los estudiantes escriban apuntes

Regular and irregular

Realidades 2 .....Working on these pages...



1. Pagina 105 Actividad 3

¿Comprendiste? 1-7



2. Página 107 Actividad 6 solo respuestas

Some Shopping Vocabulary in Spanish



  • ¿Cuál es el cambio? — What is the exchange rate?

  • ¿Cuánto cuesta? ¿Cuántos cuestan? — How much does it cost? How much do they cost?

  • ¿Cuánto vale? ¿Cuántos valen? — How much is it worth? How much are they worth?

¿Cuántos dólares? ¿Cuántos pesos? ¿Cuántos euros? — How much (in dollars)? How much (in

  • comprar — to buy

  • pesos)? How much (in euros)?

Train your ear to hear real Spanish Very addictive.

Help Kids Build Critical Skills With Fun Worksheet Activities



  • ¿Dónde puedo comprar ...? — Where can I buy ...?

  • Son muy bonitos. Son muy bonitas. — They're very pretty. (Bonitos is used to refer to things with a masculine name, bonitas if the name is feminine.)

  • la caja; el cajero, la cajera — cash register or place where payments are made; cashier

  • de buena calidad — good quality

  • de mala calidadpoor quality

  • caro, cara — expensive

  • gracias, muchas gracias, mil gracias — thank you, thank you very much

  • descuenta — discount

  • grande — large

  • ¿Hay garantía? — Is there a guarantee?

  • ¿Hay ...? — Are there ...? Do you have ...?

  • ¿Hay ... en otros colores? ¿Hay ... en otras tallas? — Do you have ... in other colors? Do you have ... in other sizes?

  • Mediano, mediana — medium (in size)

  • No lo quiero. No los quiero. No la quiero. No las quiero. — I don't want it. (Lo and los are used to refer to things with a masculine name, la and las for things with a feminine name.)

  • Quiero ..., por favor. — I want ..., please.

  • Quisiera probarlo, por favor. — I would like to try it (on), please.

  • Quisiera ..., por favor. — I would like ..., please.

  • en oferta, en oferta especial — on sale

  • Voy a pensarlo. — I'll think about it.

  • pequeño, pequeña — small

  • por favor — please

  • rebaja — price reduction

  • de rebajas — on sale, at a discount

  • Sólo quería mirar. — I'm only looking.

  • tarjeta de crédito; ¿Se aceptan tarjetas de crédito? — credit card; Are credit cards accepted?

  • vender, vendedor — to sell, seller

  • en venta, a la venta — for sale, on sale

  • Vuelvo pronto. Vuelvo más tarde. — I'll come back soon. I'll come back later.


Important Words


el carrito

shopping cart

la cesta

basket

la carnicería

butcher's shop

la panadería

bakery

el quiosco

newsstand

la tienda de modas

clothes shop

la papelería

stationery shop

la plaza del mercado

marketplace

la zapatería

shoe shop

caro

expensive

barato

cheap

ir de compras

to go shopping

comprar

to buy

pagar

to pay

abierto

open

cerrado

closed

cerrado al mediodía

closed for lunch

la tarjeta de crédito

credit card

la joyería

jewelers

la salida

exit

la entrada

entrance

de mejor calidad

better quality

el recibo

receipt

defectuoso

defective

roto

broken

Useful Phrases


¿Cuánto cuesta?

How much does it cost?

Es demasiado caro.

It's too expensive.

¿Tiene algo más barato?

Do you have anything cheaper?

¿Puedo probármelo?

Can I try it on?

El color no me sienta bien.

The color doesn't suit me.

¿Dónde están los probadores?

Where are the changing rooms?

Voy a pagar al contado.

I'm going to pay cash.

¿Puede atenderme?

Can you help me?

Sólo estoy mirando.

I'm just looking.

¿Podría mostrarme ... ?

Could you show me ... ?


Articles of clothing — Prendas de vestir


bathrobe — el albornoz
belt — el cinturón (leather belt, cinturón de cuero)
blouse — la blusa
boots — las botas
cap — la gorra, el gorro
coat — el abrigo
dress — el vestido
gloves — los guantes
hat — el sombrero
jacket — la chaqueta
jeans — los jeans, los vaqueros, los bluyines, los tejanos
miniskirt — la minifalda
pajamas — la pijama
pants, trousers — los pantalones
purse — el bolso
raincoat — el impermeable
sandal — la sandalia
shirt — la camisa
shoe — el zapato
shorts — los pantalones cortos, el short, las bermudas, los culotes
skirt — la falda
slipper — la zapatilla
sock — el calcetín
stocking — la media
suit — el traje
sweater — el suéter, el jersey, la chompa
sweatshirt — la sudadera, el pulóver (with hood, con capucha)
sweatsuit — el traje de entrenamiento
swimsuit — el bañador, el traje de baño
tennis shoe, sneaker — el zapato de tenis, el zapato de lona
tie — la corbata
T-shirt — la camiseta, la playera
underwear — la ropa interior
wristwatch — el reloj (de pulsera)

3. Pagina 110 Actividad 13

Pagina 111 Actividad 15



El Pretérito Verbos irregulares

1.

Irregular Preterite forms in Spanish

There are a fair number of verbs with irregular conjugation forms in the Preterite. These Irregular forms in the Preterite are said to have "radical" changes, that is, vowel and consonant changes in the root (or stem of the verb.) Furthermore, these changes occur in all of the conjugations (including the nosotros form.) These Irregular preterite changes are NOT for orthographic (spelling) reasons (like the verbs ending in -Car, -Gar and -Zar) nor are the changes in vowels similar to regular stem-changing verbs which affect certain -Ir conjugations in the Preterite. Verbs which have an Irregular Preterite form have their own conjugation - different from the established -Ar, -Er/-Ir Preterite conjugation pattern.

All Verbs with grossly irregular changes in the Preterite follow this conjugation:




-Ar, -Er, -Ir Irregular Verbs


Yo

-e



-iste

Él, ella, usted

-o

Nosotros

-imos

Ellos, ellas, ustedes

 


-ieron*

* Verbs with a "J" at the end of the stem drop the "i" and just use: -eron



Notice that none of these conjugation endings have accent marks!

Here are some common Irregular verbs in the Preterite:




Yo

él, ella, usted

nosotros

ellos, ellas, ustedes

Andar


anduve

anduviste

anduvo

anduvimos

anduvieron

Conducir*


conduje

condujiste

condujo

condujimos

condujeron

Decir*


dije

dijiste

dijo

dijimos

dijeron

Estar


estuve

estuviste

estuvo

estuvimos

estuvieron

Hacer


hice

hiciste

hizo

hicimos

hicieron

Poner


puse

pusiste

puso

pusimos

pusieron

Poder


pude

pudiste

pudo

pudimos

pudieron

Querer


quise

quisiste

quiso

quisimos

quisieron

Saber


supe

supiste

supo

supimos

supieron

Tener


tuve

tuviste

tuvo

tuvimos

tuvieron

Traer*


traje

trajiste

trajo

trajimos

trajeron

Venir


vine

viniste

vino

vinimos

vinieron

Hacer in the third person singular changes out the "c" for a "z" to reflect the correct pronunciation.

Irregulars which use a "J" in the Preterite only add "-eron" (NOT "-ieron") to the third-person plural


Other verbs which are irregular in the Preterite

Dar


di

diste

dio

dimos

dieron

Dar is often humorously referred to as the "cross-dressing" verb, because in the Preterite Dar takes on the -Er/-Ir preterite verb endings rather than -Ar verb endings.



Ver


vi

viste

vio

vimos

vieron

Verbs with only 2 or 3 letters, such as Dar, Ser, Ir and Ver, also do not wear accent marks in the Preterite.

Remember that Spanish only uses accent marks when required for pronunciation or differentiation.





Ir & Ser


fui

fuiste

fue

fuimos

fueron

Notice that Ir and Ser share the same forms in the Preterite. This is not as confusing as it may appear. Since Ser refers to existence and identification, it is nearly impossible to use this in the Preterite which handles only completed actions. This preterite conjugation form will nearly always be Ir (an action verb) rather than Ser (a descriptive verb) which is usually conjugated in the Imperfect Past tense.

Also the context of a sentence or a conversation will let you know which is being used. For example:



  • Fui al supermercado clearly means "I went to the supermarket," not *"I was to the supermarket."


2. Spanish Preterite. Irregular Verbs (I)



After having reviewed the conjugation of the Preterite Tense for Regular Verbs (See Preterite Tense Conjugation - Regular Verbs.), now it is time to learn how irregular Spanish verbs are conjugated in the Preterite.

  1. There are four Spanish verbs that you should memorize; they are irregular in the preterite tense: (Click and listen)




    DAR
    (TO GIVE)

    HACER
    (TO MAKE, TO DO)

    SER
    (TO BE)

    IR
    (TO GO)

    Yo

    di
    (I gave)

    hice
    (I made, I did)

    fui
    (I was)

    fui
    (I went)

    Tu

    diste
    (You gave)

    hiciste
    (You made, you did)

    fuiste
    (you was)

    fuiste
    (you went)

    El / Ella

    dio
    (he/she gave)

    hizo
    (he/she made, did)

    fue
    (he/she was)

    fue
    (he/she went)

    Nosotros / Nosotras

    dimos
    (we gave)

    hicimos
    (we made, did)

    fuimos
    (we were)

    fuimos
    (we went)

    Vosotros / Vosotras

    disteis
    (you gave)

    hicisteis
    (you made, did)

    fuisteis
    (you were)

    fuisteis
    (you went)

    Ellos / Ellas

    dieron
    (they gave)

    hicieron
    (they made, did)

    fueron
    (they were)

    fueron
    (they went)




    DAR conjugation

    HACER conjugation

    SER conjugation

    IR conjugation



Note: Verbs SER and IR have the same conjugation in the Preterite!

Some Examples:


Mis padres nos dieron dos manzanas (My parents gave us two apples)
Les hice venir (I made them come)
Yo fui un buen estudiante (I was a good student)
Ayer fui al mercado (Yesterday I went to the market)

  1. A group of verbs, irregular in the preterite, change their stems when conjugated in this tense, but all of them adopt the same endings:

    (yo) -e
    (tu) -iste


    (el) -o
    (nosotros) -imos
    (vosotros) -isteis
    (ellos / ustedes) -ieron

    For example, the verbestar belongs to this group, as it changes its stem when conjugated in Preterite tense: Infinitive: estar - Preterite Stem Change --> estuv-

    So, its Preterite conjugations is:

    >(yo) estuve


    (tu) estuviste
    (él) estuvo
    (nosotros) estuvimos
    (vosotros) estuvisteis
    (ellos / ustedes) estuvieron

    All the verbs included in this classification and their corresponding Preterite conjugations are:






Andar
(To walk)

Caber
(To fit in)

Estar
(To be)

Haber
(To have)

Preterite
stem change:


anduv-

cup-

estuv-

hub-

Yo
Tu
El / Ella
Nosotros
Vosotros
Ellos / Ustedes


anduve
anduviste
anduvo
anduvimos
anduvisteis
anduvieron


cupe
cupiste
cupo
cupimos
cupisteis
cupieron


estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvisteis
estuvieron


hube
hubiste
hubo
hubimos
hubisteis
hubieron







Hacer
(To make, to do)

Poder
(To be able)

Poner
(To put)

Querer
(To want, to love)

Preterite
stem change:


hic-

pud-

pus-

quis-

Yo
Tu
El / Ella
Nosotros
Vosotros
Ellos / Ustedes


hice
hiciste
hizo
hicimos
hicisteis
hicieron


pude
pudiste
pudo
pudimos
pudisteis
pudieron


puse
pusiste
puso
pusimos
pusisteis
pusieron


quise
quisiste
quiso
quisimos
quisisteis
quisieron







Saber
(To know)

Tener
(To have)

Venir
(To come)




Preterite
stem change:


sup-

tuv-

vin-




Yo
Tu
El / Ella
Nosotros
Vosotros
Ellos / Ustedes


supe
supiste
supo
supimos
supisteis
supieron


tuve
tuviste
tuvo
tuvimos
tuvisteis
tuvieron


vine
viniste
vino
vinimos
vinisteis
vinieron





There are more grammar points about Irregular verbs and they Preterite conjugation that we'll study soon. Meanwhile, as always, for any question or comment, feel free to e-mail me.

¡Hasta pronto!

Angeles F.





3. Preterite: Part II



In this lesson you will learn to conjugate four important verbs in the preterite tense: ser, ir, dar and hacer.

These four verbs are irregular; you must memorize them:


ser

ir

dar

hacer

fui

fui

di

hice

fuiste

fuiste

diste

hiciste

fue

fue

dio

hizo

fuimos

fuimos

dimos

hicimos

fuisteis

fuisteis

disteis

hicisteis

fueron

fueron

dieron

hicieron













To review some of the rules for using the preterite:


  • The preterite is used for actions that can be viewed as single events.

  • The preterite is used for actions that were repeated a specific number of times.

  • The preterite is used for actions that occurred during a specific period of time.



  • The preterite is used for actions that were part of a chain of events.



  • The preterite is used to state the beginning or the end of an action.

Preterite: ser, ir

fui
fuiste


fue

fuimos
fuisteis

fueron

Preterite: dar, hacer


di
diste
dio
dimos
disteis
dieron
hice
hiciste
hizo
hicimos
hicisteis
hicieron

Spanish Past Tense – Pretérito

VERBOS REGULARES

The pretérito is the Spanish simple past tense, used to talk about things that were completed in the past.


Compré una chaqueta.

I bought a jacket.

Comimos a las ocho.

We ate at 8.

Fueron al banco.

They went to the bank.

¿Hiciste tu tarea?

Did you do your homework?


The pretérito and imperfecto are often confusing for Spanish students –


Conjugating the pretérito: Regular verbs

Most regular Spanish -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs are conjugated with a standard root (found by dropping the infinitive) plus the appropriate endings.



Hablar - to talk

yo

hablé

nosotros 

hablamos



hablaste

vosotros

hablasteis

él

habló

ellos

hablaron

  

Comer - to eat

yo

comí

nosotros 

comimos



comiste

vosotros

comisteis

él

com

ellos

comieron













  

Vivir - to live

yo

viví

nosotros 

vivimos



viviste

vosotros

vivisteis

él

viv

ellos

Vivieron


Note that the pretérito endings are identical for -ER and -IR verbs.

Fin

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Realidades 2

TAREA


REFLEXIVE VERBS

LAW OF POSITION OF PRONOUNS

THE MINI- LEZIONI required in the home journal every night

Capítulo 1B I

Mini lezione

10 to 15 minutes

Of current lesson in

HOME JOURNALS!!!

Monday-Friday !!!

REVIEW THE VERBS IN THE VERB PACKET!

Review and conjugate

5 FIVE VERBS each night!

In home journal ! http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcsvr7jxu-ezj0imo_qdrn95gip6cie-waecfkydxgntpp14qbtg:www.giornalearmonia.it/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/vacanze.jpg

PLEASE STUDY and PLEASE SPEAK SPANISH!!!!!



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